Thyroid Diet Chart: 5 Foods for Hypothyroidism Diet Plan

Super Foods for Hyperthyroid

The underactive thyroid diet is a topic that is up for a lot of discussions!

But prior to rushing for the thyroid diet plan, it is of utmost importance to know about hypothyroidism.

Table of Contents

According to studies, the prevalence of hypothyroidism, the condition where the thyroid gland becomes underactive, in India is 11%, compared while only 2% in the UK and 4·6% in the USA.  

Although incurable, hypothyroidism or thyroid issue as a whole is found to be manageable with the right balanced-diet and lifestyle changes.

The thyroid diet plan basically forbids the inclusion of certain cruciferous vegetables like cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, turnip.

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Goitrogens and their Effects on Hypothyroidism Treatment

A ‘Goitrogen’ is a term used to describe substances that interfere with the thyroid gland function.

Goitrogens can be from different origins like drugs, chemicals or even food.

These substances block the uptake of iodine by the thyroid gland and disrupt the thyroid hormone production.

Since iodine is an essential nutrient in the synthesis of thyroid hormone, many believe that eating foods that contain goitrogens can inhibit thyroid function leading to underactive thyroid or hypothyroidism.

These foods can further aggravate the symptoms of thyroid deficiency.

One of the major symptoms of poor thyroid function is weight gain. This blog of ours explains the inter-relationship of thyroid and weight loss in great detail.

Foods to be included in the Thyroid Diet Food Chart

Although we can’t say about a permanent cure for hypothyroidism, however, the right diet can help manage the disease better.

So here we come up with foods that needed to be included and the foods to be avoided in a diet for the hypothyroid patient

5 Recommended Super Foods for a Hypothyroid Diet

  1. Fish and seafood 
  2. Nuts
  3. Whole-grain foods
  4. Fresh fruits and vegetables 
  5. Dairy products

Know more about the above foods in the video below

If you are suffering from hypothyroidism and wondering what foods are safe to consume and include as a part of thyroid diet plan towards effective treatment of hypothyroidism treatment;

then this FREE Possible Nutritionist Consultation on thyroid treatment is just for you! 

5 Foods to Avoid while following a Hypothyroid Diet

Here is the list of foods to avoid while following a thyroid diet chart.

Remember that while following a thyroid diet chart, the foods to be avoided are as important as the foods that are recommended.

So go through this list and keep them away for the sake of your thyroid gland.

1. Gluten

Gluten is a protein that is found in wheat, barley, oats, and their food products.

The main drawback of consuming gluten by hypothyroid people is that it hampers the gut system and causes body inflammation.

Avoid Gluten Foods
Avoid Gluten Foods

This affects the immune system and makes the immune system attack the body’s own thyroid. This readily enhances hypothyroidism.

A study published in the American Journal of Gastroenterology, it was seen that gluten withdrawal helped in improving thyroid complications [1]

2. Processed Foods

The Processed foods can be the villains in hypothyroidism. However, that doesn’t mean they are good otherwise.

We might think that increasing the salt intake can better the iodine condition of hypothyroidism.

But that isn’t true. Firstly, the salt content of processed foods is very high and that salt does not necessarily contain iodine.

In fact, it has been revealed that in case of excess of iodine

Also, the thyroid’s activity is restricted due to mechanisms like the production of cytokines that inhibits thyroid function or inclusion of iodine molecule in protein chain of thyroglobulin, that inhibits thyroid’s normal functioning [2].

foods to avoid in thyroid diet
Processed Foods

Moreover, the processed foods that contain added sugar inhibits the conversion of T4 to T3, which isn’t good for hypothyroidism.

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3. Cruciferous Vegetables

A Cruciferous vegetables like cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, turnip, bok choy, mustard greens, and watercress contain a substance called ‘thiocyanate’ that in very high concentrations can interfere with iodine absorption.

Cruciferous vegetables for Hypothyroidism

Hence, physicians advise against them as a part of a planned diet for hypothyroidism.

So,  a thyroid diet plan should clearly concentrate on the levels of intake.

Note

For a normal individual with normal thyroid hormone levels eating cruciferous vegetables has far more health benefits than the potential risk to worsen thyroid function.

Eating these foods in normal amounts in the cooked form should be continued. One must avoid believing the myth to avoid all cruciferous vegetables to promote thyroid health.  

Too much consumption of raw cruciferous vegetables can have an adverse effect in individuals with iodine deficiency or those with hypothyroidism. 

4. Coffee

Excluding coffee in a hypothyroidism diet may be crucial because there is evidence about coffee inhibiting the absorption of hypothyroid medications [3]

Coffee may inhibit thyroid medications
Coffee may inhibit thyroid medications

So avoiding coffee, especially before taking thyroid medications is nutritionist recommended.

5. Alcohol

The Alcohol should be avoided in a diet for thyroid patient.

It has been scientifically proven that Alcohol suppresses the functioning of thyroid gland. Moreover, Alcohol causes cellular toxicity [4].

Drinks to Avoid in Thyroid
Avoid Alcohol in Thyroid Diet

It has been reported by The University of Maryland and Medical Center that reducing or avoiding alcohol can significantly reduce hypothyroidism symptoms.

For an individual suffering from hypothyroidism, consumption of usual amounts of these foods only minimally raises the risk of worsening the symptoms of the thyroid.

Did you know?

Processed soy products could be restricted in a diet for hypothyroidism. Instead, fermented soy like tofu or miso can be incorporated in moderation.

Millets are rich in many nutrients and phytochemicals and can be incorporated into the daily diet in moderation. Millets were observed to impact thyroid function only when these were consumed as the staple food in large quantities.

Using iodized salt regularly and including iodine-rich seafood can help to provide the required iodine for thyroid function.

Hypo Thyroid Diet Chart from our Nutritionist, based on Possible’s products

Possible's Hypo Thyroid Diet Chart
Possible’s HypoThyroid Diet Chart

The Bottom Line

The above article will give you an insight into what foods to include and avoid but the diet plan should include all food groups.

This will help you in an efficient supply of nutrients with better management of the disorder.

FAQs

1. What are the common causes of Hypothyroidism?
The most common causes are:
  • Insufficient Iodine.
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Gut bacteria imbalance
  • Internal inflammation

2. What are the symptoms of Hypothyroidism?

The common symptoms include- Fatigue, cold, excess weight gain, constipation, dry skin, muscle weakness, puffy face, elevated levels of blood cholesterol, tenderness in the muscles.

3. What foods to include in the hypothyroid diet plan?

Food options like mixed nuts, brown bread, fruit bowl, brown rice, multigrain roti, mint jeera buttermilk, cucumber carrot juice, green tea, ginger tea, low-fat milk with turmeric imparts health benefits in hypothyroidism.

4. Can hypothyroidism be cured naturally?

With appropriate diet and proper exercise under expert’s guidance, complications of thyroid disorders can be reduced.

5. What can be the complications if hypothyroidism remains unchecked?

If remain unchecked, hypothyroidism can lead to birth defects, mental health issues like anxiety and depression, heart problems and even, goiter.

Inspiring Story of a Possible Client with Hypothyroidism

Also Read: Simple exercises for thyroid problems!

Suhasini M
Suhasini Mudraganam

Submitted By, 
Suhasini Mudraganam
Chief Nutritionist, Possible

Suhasini Mudraganam is a leading food scientist who was instrumental in designing the Possible Food plan. She has done her MS in Nutrition from University of Missouri, USA and has over 14 years of global experience.

46 thoughts on “Thyroid Diet Chart: 5 Foods for Hypothyroidism Diet Plan

    • Shobha Shastry says:

      Hi Durga,

      Yes, you can eat millets as part of the balanced diet. Millets have many health benefits and add to the diversity of the meals. Make sure to eat enough iodine rich foods and use iodized salt while cooking. Millets can add to the thyroid problem only in individuals with iodine deficiency. As mentioned, goitrogens in millets are deactivated when cooked or processed. Have them in moderation as part of a balanced meals.

      • yamuna says:

        hi shobha
        read your reply to Durga, i am also a hypothyroid patient taking medicine regularly, I too have the same question is there any specific millet only can be consumed

        • mehnaz says:

          Hi Yamuna,
          You can have millets as part of a balanced diet. Check if your iodine levels and thyroid hormone levels are normal. Try and incorporate different grains and millets into your meals as each grain or millet have a different combination of nutrients and antioxidants.

    • Shobha Shastry says:

      Hi Yashi,

      Himalayan salt has iodine which is essential for thyroid function. When thyroid levels are under control, weight loss happens. Other than that, there is no other association between Himalayan salt and weight loss.

      Hope this answer was useful! Keep following our blog for more such information.

  1. Shilpa says:

    Hi,

    I’ve hypothyroidism but no iodine deficiency. Can ive millets as part of my 2 meals everyday or should i reduce the intake. I’m under medication for thyroid and levels are under control. Please advise.

    Thanks
    Shilpa

    • Shobha Shastry says:

      Hi Shilpa,

      You can have millets if your iodine levels and thyroid hormone levels are normal. Try and incorporate different grains and millets into your meals as each grain or millet has a different combination of nutrients and antioxidants.

  2. Rina Panda says:

    Hi there’
    I have tsh high, however with thyroxine 100 it’s under control, I use amaranth millet and sorghum, pearl every day part of my two major meals and avoid wheat, is this alright?

    • mehnaz says:

      Hi Rina,
      Yes, you can eat millets as part of the balanced diet. Millets have many health benefits and add to the diversity of the meals. Make sure to eat enough iodine rich foods and use iodized salt while cooking. Millets can add to the thyroid problem only in individuals with iodine deficiency. As mentioned, goitrogens in millets are deactivated when cooked or processed. Have them in moderation as part of a balanced meal.

  3. Dimple says:

    Hi Shilpa,

    I wanted to know that I am suffering from thyroid since 3 yrs, n m taking medication thyronorm 50mg, n m losing my weight so do I suffer from hypothyroid or hyperthyroid?

    • mehnaz says:

      Hi Dimple,
      Please take a thyroid function test and meet a physician with reports. Weight loss can be due to multiple reasons so consulting a physician is advisable.

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