Medically Reviewed by Sindhu Vas – Post Graduate in Nutrition and Food science
Hyperacidity is a medical condition that adversely affects your quality of life.
If left untreated, it may lead to other complications. Hyperacidity treatments as mentioned above can remove the acidity symptoms.
You must take simple measures like adopting good food habits, indulge in physical activities, lead a disciplined life and consult a doctor to treat acute cases with medicines.
You will certainly be able to live a contented healthy life.
Table of Contents
- What do we know about Hyperacidity?
- What generally causes it?
- Acidity symptoms
- Hyperacidity treatment
- Preventive measures
- Home Remedies
- Allopathic Medications
What do we know about hyperacidity
Hyperacidity, also known as Acid Dyspepsia, is a medical condition caused by extra excretion of acids, largely hydrochloric, by the gastric glands in your stomach.
With the aid of the Hydrochloric acid, the food in the stomach is broken down into smaller elements, thereby easing digestion. However, the increase in the quantum of hydrochloric acid brings in Hyperacidity.
What generally causes it
The various reasons that cause hyperacidity include unhealthy and irregular eating habits, stress and anxiety. The usual reasons are:
- The feasting of unhealthy food.
- Excess consumption of cigarettes and alcohol.
- Irregular eating habits.
- Ingesting extremely spicy food.
- Anxiety and stress.
- Excessive consumption of caffeine products, such as coffee or tea.
- Prolonged contact with the Sun, leading to heat stroke.
- Consumption of carbonated drinks.
- Slumber right after meals.
- The absence of physical activity.
The signs of Hyperacidity differ, but the usual symptoms contain:
- Sour Belching.
- Acid Reflux.
- Loss of appetite.
- Burning sensation in Chest, Stomach or in the Throat.
- Post-meal Heaviness.
- Abdominal pain.
- Stiffness in the stomach.
There are a number of ways in which you can treat hyperacidity. To make a judicious lifestyle change with weight loss diet is the best possible way to treat it.
You can adopt a step-by-step approach to the issue to make it easier to fight hyperacidity.
Few of the prevention against Hyperacidity are:
- Indulge in activities like Yoga, Meditation, dramatics, etc. to reduce stress.
- Reduce the intake of alcohol and smoking.
- Avoid consumption of highly spicy, oily, fried and hot food.
- An increase in physical activities, such as swimming, jogging, cycling, etc.
- Reduce the intake of caffeine products.
- Avoid sleeping right after meals.
- Lessen the exposure to Sun.
- Maintain regular diet and meal timings.
- Minimize consumption of packaged and processed food.
- Not holding back the urge to urination.
- Ensure a proper sleeping habit.
- Drink enough water.
- Include more of natural and green vegetables in your diet.
You can follow the abovementioned steps to avoid hyperacidity, the fundamental rule being, to maintain a healthy and sustainable lifestyle
If you are suffering from hyperacidity, you can adopt from Home Remedies, Ayurvedic cure or Allopathic medications to treat it for immediate relief
Home remedies for hyperacidity
The Home Remedies include small kitchen essentials that work to cure hyperacidity. They are:
Basil Leaves (Tulsi)- The carminative and anti-ulcer properties reduce the effect of gastric acids, while stimulating your stomach to produce more mucus.
Ginger- It has great digestive and anti-inflammatory properties that help fight acidity. Stimulates mucus secretion and improves digestion.
Indian Gooseberry (Amla)- High Vitamin C content helps heal your stomach.
Banana- A rich source of potassium helps keep a check on the excess production of acids, and the high fiber content accelerates digestion, thereby, preventing recurrence of acidity.
Cold Milk- The high calcium content prevents acid build up and absorbs the excess acid in the stomach. The cold provides for a relief to the stomach from the burning sensation. It is not recommended for people who are lactose intolerant.
Cumin Seeds (Jeera)- Stimulates saliva production which helps in digestion and it has a calming effect on your stomach nerves and heals the ulcer. It acts as a great acid neutralizer.
Mint Leaves (Pudina)- The cooling effect provides relief to your stomach and helps lower the acids in the stomach.
Clove- Secretes excess saliva that helps speed up digestion. Its carminative property also prevents gas formation in your gastrointestinal tract.
Cardamom (Elaichi)- Soothes your stomach which helps fight acidity.
Fennel (Sauf)- The oils in these provide relief to the stomach, speeds up digestion and fights acidity.
Jaggery– The high Magnesium content helps boost intestinal strength. It also has a cooling effect that provides relief to the stomach.
Buttermilk- Lactic acids in buttermilk normalizes acidity.
Coconut Water- The high fiber content helps in digestion and prevents the recurrence of acidity.
Hyperacidity is also known as Amlapitta in Ayurveda. Ayurvedic treatments mainly focus on home remedies.
Ayurvedic treatment also provides for Amalaki tablets that maintain the gastric acids, protects the mucous membrane of the stomach, prevents ulcers and act as antioxidants.
The Dabur Active Antacid is another medicine enriched with special healing medicinal plants and other natural ingredients.
Allopathic medicines give quick relief. Allopathic treatment popularly known as the Drug Medication used for reducing acidity are used widely for peptic ulcer, gastroesophageal reflux, and many other forms of gastritis. Some drugs that treat acidity include:
- Proton Pump Inhibitors
- H2 Blockers
Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs)
PPIs are a group of drugs that work together to reduce excessive stomach acid secretion. PPIs obstruct your stomach from secreting excess acids, thereby preventing ulcers and speeding up the healing process if an ulcer already exists in your stomach, esophagus or duodenum.
These drugs prevent and treat acid-related conditions, such as:
- Acid Reflux.
- Zollinger-Ellison syndrome.hyperacidity
The doctors often prescribe these along with antibiotics to fight against ulcers. Prolonged intake of PPIs is not advisable as it can have adverse side effects like a headache, fever; rash, diarrhea; nausea.
Some can become fatal with serious allergic reactions, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, reduced kidney or liver function and pancreatitis.
They are a group of medicines that reduce the excessive secretion of acids in the walls of your stomach. H2 Blockers aid in preventing the acid-secreting cells to stop responding to Histamine.
PPIs are more effective than these and are thus, used less. These are mostly used to treat more serious problems like Stevens-Johnson syndrome or ulcers.
An antacid is a class of medicine that neutralizes the acid in your stomach.
Antacids contain ingredients such as aluminum, calcium, magnesium or sodium-bicarbonate, which act as alkalis to fight against the acids in your stomach. However, antacids only provide relief but do not cure the underlying problems.