Arthritis is primarily an inflammation of joints – single or multiple. The two most commonly known and occurring types of Arthritis is Osteoarthritis (OA) and Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA).
Table of Contents
- What Exactly is Arthritis?
- Causes of Arthritis
- Treatment of Arthritis
- Prevention of Arthritis
- Can Arthritis be Cured?
- 8 Easy Ways to Reduce Arthritis Effects
What Exactly is Arthritis? What Are Its Symptoms?
Arthritis is primarily an inflammation of joints – single or multiple. The two most commonly known and occurring types of Arthritis are Osteoarthritis (OA) and Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA).
In most common cases, Arthritis occurs over a period of time and precipitates on your body but sometimes, it is also known to occur suddenly.
Mostly Arthritis occurs in people above the age of 65 years but it can also attack younger adults, overweight and obese people, and kids too!
Now talking about the most commonly occurring symptoms of Arthritis are joint pain, stiffness, reduction in movements, redness of the skin around the affected joint, etc.
Generally, mornings are when you feel the maximum effects and symptoms of Arthritis.
If you are suffering from RA, you may experience fatigue, loss of appetite, etc. You may also become anemic in case of RA. RA can also cause severe joint deformity if not administered proper treatment.
Causes of Arthritis
Arthritis mainly occurs when the amount of cartilage present in your body goes below the minimum requisite amount.
To understand this better, you must know that cartilage is a firm yet flexible connective tissue in your joints, which protects the joints by absorbing the pressure and jerk inflicted on your joints when you walk, run or move.
Regular wear and tear cause OA and you are more prone to contracting OA if you have a family history. Whereas RA is an autoimmune disorder which occurs when your body’s immune system attacks the body tissues. It can destroy a joint and both its bone and cartilage present inside the joint.
Treatment of Arthritis
The first step towards successful treatment of Arthritis is to see a doctor in order to know how much exactly the
Arthritis has already affected your body and accordingly, the type of treatment that would suit you the best.
Your doctor will perform a clinical check and then take the treatment forward. Now comes the treatment.
The primary objective of any Arthritis treatment plan is to reduce the amount of pain the affected is experiencing and prevent further damage to the joints.
Some people use hot pads and ice packs to get relief from the pain. Some use walkers and walking sticks to take the pressure off the affected joints and sure it helps them!
As part of the Arthritis treatment plan, your doctor may advise one or a combination of the following methods:
Analgesics like hydrocodone and Tylenol prove effective in controlling Arthritis pain. Anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen and salicylates help control pain and inflammation.
Menthol creams also relieve pain. Immunosuppressants also help reduce inflammation. In case of RA, You may be prescribed corticosteroids that suppress your immune system.
In case of severe Arthritis, surgery is required to replace your joint with an artificial one.
The most commonly occurring surgery is the replacement of hips and knees. Your doctor may also consider a joint fusion if there is severe Arthritis in your fingers or wrists.
3. Physical Therapy or Exercise
Physical therapy is also suggested to Arthritis patients, as it helps in strengthening the muscles around the affected joint.
Prevention of Arthritis! What to Do If You Have Arthritis?
If you wish to remain Arthritis free, you have to focus on a healthy and active lifestyle.
Even if you observe symptoms of Arthritis, focus on maintaining a healthy weight to reduce the risk of OA developing further.
Intake of a healthy diet including antioxidants, fruits, and vegetables – basically nutrients is the key to lead an Arthritis free life. Also include inflammation reducing foods like herbs, fish, and nuts in your diet.
Avoid foods like fried foods, processed foods, dairy products, and high intakes of meat.
An important study suggests that you should go for a gluten-free diet for people who have undifferentiated connective tissue disease.
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Exercise regularly. Take up swimming as it is a good form of exercise for people suffering from Arthritis.
Do not overexert yourself as it puts undue pressure on your bones and joints. You must know when to give it a break.
Can Arthritis be Cured?
Well, the bad news is that Arthritis has no cure but yes, proper treatment and care can help you reduce its effects and pains.
Here we will give you quick pointers on how to keep your Arthritis from getting in the way of a happy pain-free life.
8 Easy Ways to Reduce Arthritis Effects
2. Remain Fit and Active
3. Use Cold and Hot Packs
4. Go for Acupuncture
5. Use Medication
6. Include Omega 3 Fatty Acids in Your Diet
7. Use Plenty of Turmeric in Your Food
8. Take Regular Massages
Frequently Asked Questions
What are the early signs of Arthritis?
The early signs of Arthritis are fatigue, joint pain, joint tenderness, joint swelling, joint redness, joint warmth, joint stiffness, loss of joint range of motion amongst others.
Is Arthritis treatable?
There is still research going on in this area and it is hoped that Arthritis treatment is made available soon. As of now, though it cannot be treated completely, its effects can be greatly reduced with the help of diet, exercise, medicine and other recommended lifestyle changes.
Which foods make Arthritis worse?
Some foods that make Arthritis worse are fried and processed foods, inflammatory foods, sugars and refined carbs, dairy products, alcohol and tobacco, salt and preservatives, corn oil, etc.
So this World Arthritis Day, join hands with Possible and decide to lead a healthy, active and fit lifestyle. Talk to our expert Possible Nutritionist today. The first consultation is on us. Click here to avail.