Dengue is primarily a mosquito-borne disease. The viral infection starts with flu-like symptoms but then leads to severe health complications. Generally, in semi-urban and urban areas, different types of dengue are observed, and it is better to take precaution in advance.
Table of Content
- Know about types of Dengue
- Classical Dengue Fever
- Save Yourself from Dengue
- Interactions of Dengue Vector
- Protect yourself from Dengue
High fever, vomiting, headache, joint pains, and skin rash are the preliminary symptoms of dengue fever. But did you know there are five kinds of dengue bacteria which are wildly threatening to humanity? Know all about the different types of dengue mosquito and take care of your family at the earliest stage.
Know about the Dengue Types
The surface proteins differentiate the subtypes and the DENVs lead to major infections on the human body. Classical dengue fever, life-threatening disorders DHF/DSS and acute febrile illness are observed diseases.
The commonly found four types of dengue fever are DEN-4, DEN-3, DEN-2, and DEN-1. However, in the year of 2013, the most recent (fifth) one has been found.
The different types of dengue fever are distinguished depending on their antigens of the virus.
DEN-1 and DEN-2 had surfaced from Africa and Central America in 1970. By 2004, all types of dengue have been found in Southeast Asia. However, the dengue viruses are now spread all across the globe; especially, in subtropical and tropical regions.
Classical Dengue Fever
The various types of dengue result in high fever which lasts more than 14 days. During the febrile stage, neurological disturbances accompanied by febrile seizure are common among young children.
DF or dengue fever is known as break bone fever, and the joint and muscle pains are felt in a severe degree. The fever is stretched around seven days; hence, the name ‘seven-day fever’ surfaces from here.
How to Save Yourself from Diverse Types of Dengue?
After being suspected that you are infected with one of the types of dengue, your doctor will do the following things,
- Assess the dengue fever causes and symptoms
- Test blood for finding proof of the virus
- Go through travel and medical history
If you have travelled to tropical and subtropical regions in the past two weeks, the risk of suffering from one of the types of dengue cannot be overlooked.
There is no specific dengue fever treatment or vaccine. When the symptoms become too clear, get medical help at once. Drinking plenty of fluids is helpful, too. For bringing down the temperature and decreasing joint pain, you can take paracetamol.
As ibuprofen or aspirin increases the chance of bleeding, you should steer clear from this type of medication.
Interactions of Dengue Vector
DENVs based on the vector which is a mosquito, namely, Aedes aegypti. The transmission of dengue is dependent on the geographical locations, and dengue epidemic is influenced by mosquito density.
The majority indicates that the female mosquitoes lay eggs in water jars, cans or tires. In India, the prevalence of various types of dengue is common in the rainy season. The mosquitoes adapt to urban environments and are a competitive vector.
Moreover, the female mosquito can infect more than one person. For saving yourself from the several types of dengue virus can, you should wear protective clothing during the daytime.
Protect yourself from Dengue
Dengue is taking the figure of the epidemic in India, and it is better to take dengue precautions beforehand. Go through the following steps to take the right measures and stay safe.
1. Opt for Mosquito (DEET) Repellent
After knowing the different types of dengue, you should purchase a mosquito repellent which has DEET (diethyltoluamide working effectively as an insect repellent) and applies it on exposed skin. Be careful while spraying the repellent because it can negatively react to cuts or wounds. Talk to your children’s doctor for ensuring dengue protection to your child (less than two months) because the insect repellent is not suitable for little children.
2. Do not Underestimate the Power of Mosquito Net
It is one of the traditional ways to protect you from various types of dengue. A mosquito net is a cheap solution to the deadly dengue, and it can cover the whole body from any insects, too. However, do not go with the nets having large holes which may result in the mosquitoes entering inside.
3. Eradicate Mosquito Habitats
The wet places are the birthplaces of the four types of dengue. Now the main goal of the dengue fever prevention is to reduce the number of pupae, larvae, and eggs which would result in adult mosquitoes.
For getting rid of the various types of dengue from open space, focus on the mentioned places which are prime habitats,
- Boats and pieces of equipment
- Shells, pods, and husks fallen from trees
- Drums used for collecting rainwater
- Construction sites, potholes, and tree holes
- Unused tires, cans, and bottles
- Artificial container
- Leaf axils of different plants
The indoor is not safe either. After knowing how many types of dengue there are, you should look for these places in the house,
- Water storage tank for bathroom or domestic drinking water
- Ant Traps
- Plastic containers
- Flower Vases
If you have a container in your home which stores water, you should keep it covered properly for limiting the breeding of different types of dengue. The container must be checked, cleaned and emptied on a regular basis. In this way, you can remove eggs per week.
For preventing different types of dengue, you can ask the community to come forward and raise awareness. Every house needs to follow an effective step to decrease vector density; the transmission rate will be seized at the earliest stage.
4. Enable Dengue Protection Control at Home
For saving your family from the different types of dengue follow these steps,
- Choose window and door screens. The air conditioning decreases the risk of mosquitoes entering the house.
- Malaria mosquitoes attack at night but the dengue mosquitoes attack during the day; therefore, it is crucial to wear the right type of clothes.
- You can also use mosquito coils, insecticide aerosol, and vaporizer for lowering down the biting activity.
So this summer, keep yourself away from mosquitoes and safe from diseases like dengue and malaria. Keep yourself covered and use mosquito repellants regularly.
Also, do not let stagnant water collect in or around your home. For more tips on health, fitness and overall well being, talk to our Possible Nutritionist today. The first consultation is on us